Overactive Bladder: An Overview

Bladder dysfunction is common and continues to increase in prevalence, particularly in the aging population. Overactive bladder (OAB) is a symptom-defined condition characterized by urinary urgency, with or without urgency incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia. OAB occurs due to detrusor overactivity i.e., inappropriate detrusor contraction during filling of the bladder, which gives rise to the symptoms of frequency, urgency and urge incontinence. The symptoms of an overactive bladder (OAB) have been reported to occur in as many as 1 in 3 women over 75 years of age and 1 in 15 women over 40 years. The following slide presentation describes the condition of OAB, prevalence, diagnosis, treatment as well as management of refractory OAB.