IF2 Eye Drops (Olopatadine hydrochloride 0.1%)

Table of Content


Olopatadine hydrochloride……1.11mg (equivalent to 1 mg olopatadine)

Benzalkonium chloride………… 0.01%

Sterile aqueous vehicle…………q.s

Dosage Form

Ophthalmic Solution



Olopatadine is an inhibitor of the release of histamine from the mast cell and a relatively selective histamine H1-antagonist that inhibits the in vivo and in vitro type 1 immediate hypersensitivity reaction including inhibition of histamine induced effects on human conjunctival epithelial cells.

It antagonizes histamine (the primary mediator of allergic response in humans) and prevents histamine induced inflammatory cytokine production by human conjunctival epithelial cells. Data from in vitro studies suggest that it may act on human conjunctival mast cells to inhibit the release of pro-inflammatory mediators. In patients with patent nasolacrimal ducts, topical ocular administration of olopatadine was suggested to reduce the nasal signs and symptoms that frequently accompany seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. It does not produce a clinically significant change in pupil diameter.


Following topical ocular administration in man, olopatadine was shown to have low systemic exposure. Two studies in normal volunteers (totaling 24 subjects) dosed bilaterally with olopatadine 0.15% ophthalmic solution once every 12 hours for 2 weeks demonstrated plasma concentrations to be generally below the quantitation limit of the assay (<0.5 ng/mL). Samples in which olopatadine was quantifiable were typically found within 2 hours of dosing and ranged from 0.5 to 1.3 ng/mL. The half-life in plasma was approximately 3 hours (8-12), and elimination was predominantly through renal excretion. Approximately 60-70% of the dose was recovered in the urine as parent drug. Two metabolites, the mono-desmethyl and the N-oxide, were detected at low concentrations in the urine.

Results from an environmental study demonstrated that olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% was effective in the treatment of the signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis when dosed twice daily for up to 6 weeks. Results from conjunctival antigen challenge studies demonstrated that olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1%, when subjects were challenged with antigen both initially and up to 8 hours after dosing, was significantly more effective than its vehicle in preventing ocular itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis.


Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% is indicated for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.

Dosage and Administration

The recommended dose is one drop in each affected eye two times per day at an interval of 6 to 8 hours. Treatment may be maintained for up to four months, if considered necessary.

Use in Elderly

No dosage adjustment in elderly patients is necessary.

Pediatric Patients

Olopatadine Hydrochloride 0.1% Eye Drops may be used in pediatric patients three years of age and older at the same dose as in adults. The safety and efficacy of Olopatadine Hydrochloride 0.1% Eye Drops in children aged under 3 years has not been established. No data are available.

Use in Hepatic and Renal Impairment

Olopatadine in the form of eye drops has not been studied in patients with renal or hepatic disease. However, no dosage adjustment is expected to be necessary in hepatic or renal impairment.

In case of concomitant therapy with other topical ocular medicines, an interval of five minutes should be allowed between successive applications. Eye ointments should be administered last.


Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% is contraindicated in persons with a known hypersensitivity to olopatadine hydrochloride or any components of the drug.

Warnings and Precautions

Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% is for topical use only and not for injection or oral use.

IF2 contains benzalkonium chloride which may cause eye irritation.

Benzalkonium chloride has also been reported to cause punctate keratopathy and/or toxic ulcerative keratopathy. Close monitoring is required with frequent or prolonged use in dry eye patients, or in conditions where the cornea is compromised.

Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% is an antiallergic/antihistaminic agent and, although administered topically, is absorbed systemically. If signs of serious reactions or hypersensitivity occur, discontinue the use of this treatment.

Drug Interactions

No interaction studies with other medicinal products have been performed.

Use in Hepatic and Renal impairment

Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% has not been studied in patients with renal or hepatic disease. However, no dosage adjustment is expected to be necessary in hepatic or renal impairment.


Pregnancy Category C

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Olopatadine is not recommended during pregnancy and in women of childbearing potential not using contraception. This drug should be used in pregnant women only if the potential benefit to the mother justifies the potential risk to the embryo or fetus.


Olopatadine has been identified in the milk of nursing rats following oral administration. It is not known whether topical ocular administration could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in the human breast milk. Nevertheless, caution should be exercised when olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% is administered to a nursing mother.

Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% should not be used during breast-feeding.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 3 years have not been established.

Geriatric Use

No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and younger patients.

Undesirable Effects

Headaches have been reported at an incidence of 7%. The following adverse experiences have been reported in less than 5% of patients: asthenia, blurred vision, burning or stinging, cold syndrome, dry eye, foreign body sensation, hyperemia, hypersensitivity, keratitis, lid edema, nausea, pharyngitis, pruritus, rhinitis, sinusitis, and taste perversion. Some of these events were similar to the underlying disease being studied.

In clinical studies involving 1680 patients, olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% was administered one to four times daily in both eyes for up to four months as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy to loratadine 10 mg. Approximately 4.5% of patients can be expected to experience undesirable effects associated with the use of olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1%; however, only 1.6% of patients discontinued from the clinical studies due to these undesirable effects. No serious ophthalmic or systemic undesirable effects related to olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% were reported in clinical studies. The most frequent treatment-related undesirable effect was eye pain, reported at an overall incidence of 0.7%.

The following undesirable effects were assessed to be treatment-related and are classified according to the following convention: very common (>1/10), common (>1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (>1/1,000 to <1/100), rare (>1/10,000 to 1/1000), or very rare (<1/10,000). Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in decreasing order of seriousness.

Table 1: List of adverse reactions

System Organ Classification


Adverse Reactions

Infections and infestations



Immune system disorders

Not known

hypersensitivity, swelling face

Nervous system disorders


headache, dysgeusia


dizziness, hypoesthesia

Not known


Eye disorders


eye pain, eye irritation, dry eye, abnormal sensation in eyes


corneal erosion, corneal epithelium defect, corneal epithelium disorder, punctate keratitis, keratitis, corneal staining, eye discharge, photophobia, vision blurred, visual acuity reduced, blepharospasm, ocular discomfort, eye pruritus, conjunctival follicles, conjunctival disorder, foreign body sensation in eyes, lacrimation increased, erythema of eyelid, eyelid oedema, eyelid disorder, ocular hyperaemia

Not known

corneal oedema, eye oedema, eye swelling, conjunctivitis, mydriasis, visual disturbance, eyelid margin crusting

Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders


nasal dryness

Not known

dyspnoea, sinusitis

Gastrointestinal disorders

Not known

nausea, vomiting,

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders


dermatitis contact, skin burning sensation, dry skin

Not known

dermatitis, erythema

General disorders and administration site conditions



Not known

asthenia, malaise

Cases of corneal calcification have been reported very rarely in association with the use of phosphate containing eye drops in some patients with significantly damaged corneas.

If you experience any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist or write to drugsafety@cipla.com. You can also report side effects directly via the national pharmacovigilance program of India by calling on 1800 180 3024. By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this product.


No data are available in humans regarding overdose by accidental or deliberate ingestion. Olopatadine has a low order of acute toxicity in animals. Accidental ingestion of the entire contents of a bottle of olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% would deliver a maximum systemic exposure of 5 mg olopatadine. This exposure would result in a final dose of 0.5 mg/kg in a 10 kg infant, assuming 100% absorption.

Prolongation of the QTc interval in dogs was observed only at exposures considered sufficiently in excess of the maximum human exposure indicating little relevance to clinical use. A 5 mg oral dose was administered twice-daily for 2.5 days to 102 young and elderly male and female healthy volunteers with no significant prolongation of QTc interval compared to placebo. The range of peak steady-state olopatadine plasma concentrations (35 to 127 ng/ml) seen in this study represents at least a 70-fold safety margin for topical olopatadine with respect to effects on cardiac repolarisation.

In the case of overdose, appropriate monitoring and management of the patient should be implemented.


Not applicable


2 years

Storage and Handling Instructions

Store at 39°F-77°F (4°C-25°C)

Packaging Information

IF2 Eye Drops: Vial of 5 ml

Information for Patients

To prevent contaminating the dropper tip and solution, care should be taken not to touch the eyelids or surrounding areas with the dropper tip of the bottle. Keep bottle tightly closed when not in use.

Patients should be advised not to wear a contact lens if their eye is red. Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% should not be used to treat contact lens-related irritation. The preservative in Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1%, benzalkonium chloride, may be absorbed by soft contact lenses. Patients who wear soft contact lenses and whose eyes are not red should be instructed to wait at least ten minutes after instilling olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.1% before they insert their contact lenses.

In case of concomitant therapy with other topical ocular medicines, an interval of five to ten minutes should be allowed between successive applications.

As with any eye drop, temporary blurred vision or other visual disturbances may affect the ability to drive or use machines. If blurred vision occurs at instillation, the patient must wait until the vision clears before driving or using machinery.

Last updated: June 2018

Last reviewed: June 2018